If your child exhibits any of the following behaviors, he or she may be suffering from a problem with convergence and/or adequate visual function and/or visual perception. These visual problems can contribute to learning disabilities or, in some cases, can be mistaken or misdiagnosed as learning disabilities.
Your child . . .
- Seems bright, but struggles with reading.
- Fatigues quickly when reading, with frequent signs of frustration.
- Is unable to sit still; cannot stay on task for any length of time.
- Reverses words, numbers or letters.
- Has difficulty remembering spelling words.
- Is disorganized and frustrated when studying visual information.
- Frequently loses his place, skips words or whole lines of text.
- Has poor reading comprehension.
- Has difficulty copying from the board or a book, has sloppy handwriting.
- Medication or tutoring has not been successful in improving school performance.
- Has been labeled LD (learning disabilities), ADD, ADHD, or dyslexic.
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Fill out this Symptoms Chart to determine if you or your child needs to schedule a developmental eye exam.
Success Stories! - Here how other children improved their reading.
What is the treatment strategy when it is determined that a defect in visual function is present?
When indicated, a personalized and interactive Vision Therapy program can be administered under supervision. Each program is individualized to meet a child's specific visual needs. This type of therapy is short-term and goal-oriented.
Selected Resources and Links for Teachers, School Nurses, Occupational Therapists, Physical Therapists, Vision Therapists, Speech Therapists, Special Educators, etc.
Not Hyperactive or Autistic.Just Seeing Double At Times.New York Times Health, September 11, 2007By Laura Novak "Difficulty in school isn't always a sign of a learning disorder, it may just be a sign that a child's eyes aren't working properly."
Optometric Vision Therapy Helps Juvenile Delinquents, High-School Drop-outs, etc.NAACP National Resolution, September 2009"...current research indicates that approximately 1 in 4 children has vision disorders that interfere with their ability to learn...yet teachers and parents are not aware of them. The symptoms mimic attention deficit disorder, and so I move that... we adopt this resolution."
Students with Persistent Problems - The Visual ConnectionSchool Nurse News, September 2000by Leonard J. Press, OD, FCOVD, FAAOHeadaches? Dizziness? Nausea? What's wrong with these children?
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD/ADHD) A Developmental Approachby Patricia S. Lemer, M.Ed.Some symptoms attributed to ADD/ADHD are also seen in children and adults with visual problems, sensory integration dysfunction and/or allergies. Scientific Studies on Connection Between Vision Disorder (CI) and ADHDSchool of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, Southern California College of Optometry
ADD/ADHD, Vision and Learning Comments on undetected vision problemsby Donald Getz, O.D, FCOVD, FAAOChildren with undetected vision problems are sometimes inaccurately diagnosed as having ADD or ADHD.
Vision and Reading by Donald Getz, O.D, FCOVD, FAAOThis article by an eye doctor discusses children's problems with reading, learning, and behavior caused by convergence insufficiency, tracking problems, eye turns, and other visual problems.
How Vision Impacts Literacy Report on a Harvard Graduate School of Education study.
Vision problems and dyslexia by Frank Eperjesi BSc, PhD, MCOptom, FAAOAs the article states, "ALL children and adults who are reading or learning underachievers, whether a formal diagnosis of dyslexia has been made or not, require a detailed evaluation of visual function, especially of the binocular vision system, at an early stage in their remediation."
Book, links, software, videos, etc. to help individuals develop a better understanding of learning disabilities including dyslexia.